Tag Archives | modernism


Like “An Encounter,” “Araby” is one of short stories that together make up James Joyce’s 1914 collection, Dubliners. It is perhaps the most anthologized of Joyce’s stories, demonstrating his use of epiphany.

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An Encounter

“An Encounter” is a story from James Joyce’s Dubliners. The story involves a boy—the narrator—and his friend Mahony taking a day off from school and going to the shore.

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Sailing to Byzantium

Yeats wrote: “I think that in early Byzantium [now Istanbul], maybe never before or since in recorded history, religious, aesthetic, and practical life were one, that architects and artificers . . . spoke to the multitude in gold and silver.”

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Leda and the Swan

In Greek mythology, Zeus visits Leda in the form of a swan, producing the sisters Helen and Clytemnestra. Yeats saw this event as the beginning of Greek civilization — what he called an “annunciation.”

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The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

This poem of 131 lines of variable length and metre was begun at Harvard in 1910 and finished during a visit to Munich in 1911. It was first published in Poetry, the June issue of 1911, and reprinted in Prufrock and Other Observations, London 1917.

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Canto I

Using the meter and syntax of his 1911 version of the Anglo-Saxon poem The Seafarer, Pound recreates Odysseus’ descent into the underworld in order to divine what his future may hold. Pound also echoes Dante’s own journey through Hell in The Divine Comedy.

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Captain Carpenter

This poem is from The Fugitive, Volume III, Number 1, published in February 1924. John Crowe Ransom primarily wrote short poems examining the ironic and unsentimental nature of life.

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Before the Law

Before the law sits a gatekeeper. To this gatekeeper comes a man from the country who asks to gain entry into the law. But the gatekeeper says that he cannot grant him entry at the moment.

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